رونق تولید ملی | سه‌شنبه، ۳۰ مهر ۱۳۹۸

شهر کرمانشاه - نمایش محتوای تولیدات ویژه

 

 

شهر کرمانشاه

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شهر کرمانشاه نهمین شهر پر جمعیت و یکی از کلان‌ شهرهای ایران و مرکز استان کرمانشاه در ایران می‌باشد که دارای جمعیتی بالغ بر۸۸۴،۷۰۶ نفر و مساحت ۹۳٬۳۸۹٬۹۵۶ متر مربع است.

شهر کرمانشاه بزرگترین شهر کردنشین و مهمترین شهر در منطقهٔ مرکزی غرب ایران است..کرمانشاه از شهرهای تاریخی و فرهنگی ایران به شمار می‌رود و پیدایش آن به سده

چهارم میلادی باز می‌گردد و از آن دوران تا حمله اعراب به ایران به عنوان دومین پایتخت ساسانیان مورد توجه حکومت بود. در دوران سلجوقیان در قرن یازدهم میلادی کرمانشاه به

عنوان شهر ارشد کردستان انتخاب شد.. در قرون وسطی شهر کرمانشاه یا قرمیسین در حکم یکی از نواحی چهارگانه عراق عجم شناخته می‌شد. در آن زمان اغلب اوقات ایالت جبال

را عراق عجم می نامیده‌اند تا با عراق عرب اشتباه نشود که به طور تقریبی نیز با ناحیه ماد باستانی مطابقت داشت. با گذشت یازده سده از حملهٔ اعراب به ایران، این شهر در دوران

قاجار دوباره شکل شهرنشینی خود را باز یافت و به‌دلیل قرارگرفتن در چهارراه دو محور شمال به جنوب و خاور به باختر و نیز همسایگی با کشور عراق و واقع‌شدن بر سر راه

شهرهای زیارتی کربلا و بغداد از اهمیت بسیاری برخوردار است. این شهر در جنبش مشروطه سهمی به سزا داشت و در جنگ جهانی یکم و دوم به تصرف نیروهای بیگانه در آمد و

پس از پایان جنگ تخلیه شد. همچنین این شهر در جنگ ایران و عراق، خسارت‌های زیادی دید.

شهر کرمانشاه از شمال به کوه فرخشاد، از شمال باختری به کوه طاق‌بستان و از جنوب به سفید کوه ختم می‌شود و یکی از شاهراه‌های ارتباطی خاور و باختر و کهن‌ترین راه گذر از

ایران به میان‌رودان است.

شهر کرمانشاه دارای آب و هوای معتدل کوهستانی است. در سده چهارم میلادی شهر کرمانشاه که در آن دوران روستای خوش آب و هوایی بود به عنوان دومین اقامتگاه پادشاهی

ساسانیان برگزیده شد. در دوران ساسانیان باغ‌های بزرگی در این منطقه ساخته شد و تا مدت‌ها مکان خوش‌گذرانی شاهان ساسانی بوده‌است.

کرمانشاه مرکز کشاورزی ایران است و بیشتر درآمد اقصادی این شهر نیز از این راه‌است. همچنین میزان صادرات مواد خوراکی، مصالح ساختمانی و صنایع دستی کرمانشاه در ۳

ماه نخست سال ۱۳۸۸ در مجموع ۹٪ از صادرات کل کشور را شامل می‌شود.

Kermanshah is the central city in the west of Iran, has a large population. The

languages spoken by the people is Kurdish, Southern Kurdish, Laki and Also

Persian. Kermanshah developed in the 4th century AD under the patronage of

Sassanian kings. Briefly renamed Bakhtaran in the 1980s. Its climate is mild and

it has many natural and historical sightseeings in the city and in the towns

around. The city is 525 km southwest of Tehran at the foothills of the Zagros

mountain range. The city enjoys a temperate climate and regular seasons.
There are four museums that are established in old houses of Qajar period. These

are Museum of ethnography at Tekyeh Moavenalmolk, and two museums of Zagros

Paleolithic Museum and Museum of epigraphy and Qajar hand writings at Tekieh

Biglar Baigi.

Zagros Paleolithic Museum: The Zagros Paleolithic Museum contains rich

collections of stone tools and animal fossil bones from various Paleolithic sites

in Iran. It is the first established museum in Iran that devoted to Paleolithic

period of Iran.

Kermanshah Paleolithic Museum


Museum of traditional Martial art:Museum of traditional Martial art (Wrestling

موزه پهلوانی) is another museum in Kermanshah that was established recently and contains

many wax models of traditional wrestlers.


Talab-e Hashilan: There are tiny flouting islands in this marsh with various

plants sheltering 200 sorts of birds. The 1500-hectare marsh is 32 km distant from

Kermanshah. Prav Cave in the Prav Mountains between Taq Bostan and Bisotun heights

is the deepest cave in Asia (the deepest cave in the world is Ali-Sadr Cave in

Hamedan northeast of Kermanshah). There are famous glaciers and a marvelous 762-

meter deep valley in it with several streams.Qoori Qal'eh cave is another of the

natural wonders of the province, located 92 km from the city heading toward Paveh.

The cave's spine is 3,140 meters long and the cave-length is 12 km with a

beautiful natural surrounding of a variety of forest trees. In the cave, the first

phase of which has been developed, there is an ever-flowing stream of 111 liters

per second, and chambers with enchanting icicles and colorful columns. In fact, it

is a romantic sight never to be forgotten.

Taq-e Bostan. One of the most impressive reliefs inside the largest grotto or

ivan is the gigantic equestrian figure of the Sassanid king Khosrau II (591-628

CE) mounted on his favorite charger, Shabdiz. Both horse and rider are arrayed in

full battle armor.
Taq-e Bostan
The arch rests on two columns that bear delicately carved patterns showing the

tree of life or the sacred tree. Above the arch and located on two opposite sides

are figures of two winged angles with diadems. Around the outer layer of the arch,

a conspicuous margin has been carved, jagged with flower patterns. These patterns

are also found in the official costumes of Sassani kings. Equestrian relief panel

measured on 16.08.07 approx. 7.45m across by 4.25 m high  edit


Mo'avenalmolk Museum. This museum is unique because it has many pictures on

the walls that relate to shahnameh,despite some of its more religious ones. The

Mo'avenalmolk museum was commissioned by Husayn Khan Mu'ini al-Ra'aya, a well-

known merchant in the Kermanshah bazaar, and built in 1897. Originally built as a

husseiniya, it was partially destroyed in 1909 by enemies of its patron. It was

bought in 1912 by Hasan Khan Mu'ini Mo'avenalmolk , who renovated it, adding two

new components, a zainabiyeh and an abbasiyeh, to the tekkiyya. During the Iran-

Iraq war, the building was partially destroyed, and was subsequently renovated

post-war. The structure is known for its dramatic and colorful tile mosaic panels,

which depict religious stories and their principal religious, historical, and

political protagonists.

The three-part takiyya is located six meters below street level; a set of

seventeen steep steps connects the building with the street. A small sagha-khaneh

is found next to the stairs. The first part of the takiyya, the husseiniya, is an

enclosed courtyard surrounded by two-story chambers. The middle part, the

zainabiyeh, is a space covered by a two-layered dome. Around the central core

beneath the dome are two stories of rooms; the second story is used by women. The

last component, the abbasiyeh, is the largest part of the takiyya, and consists of

a large interior courtyard bordered on the east by a two-story structure and on

the south by an iwan. All three areas are heavily decorated with tile-work. The

round arches of the husseiniya are bordered by a band of turquoise tiles; between

these arches and the tile bands are tile mosaic depictions of religious stories.

Sections of stucco and mirror-work were also uncovered in this area during the

renovation.In the zainabiyeh, the area covered by the dome is a polygonal space.

It is surrounded by walls covered with eighteen plaques of tile-work, also

depicting religious stories. Along the upper part of the walls, eight more story

plaques and colorful windows rim the base of the dome. Muqarnas squinches enable

the transition between the walls and the base of the dome. A wooden minbar stands

in one corner of the zeinabiyeh.[[File:]]  edit
kouhestan park, south of kermanshah. it is a park near taq bostan mountains.it

has a beautifull view of city.  edit



Tekye-ye Biglarbeigi is one of the old and important buildings of Kermanshah which

sits in the old part of the city opposite to Friday Mosque. The construction of of

the building began in 1892 by Abdollah Khan Farrashbashi, known as Biglarbeigi.

The building was completed in 1898. The stucco work and mirror work decorations

were completed in 1909. This building has an impressive space and beauty. It

consists of mirror worked hall, several rooms, alcoves, porticos, and a central

big courtyard. This yard has beautiful mirror works, stucco decorations, inlayed

decorations, and sash windows. It has three entrances. The main entrance is in the

northeastern side. The pediment of this entrance has plaster vaults and stucco

decorations.