رونق تولید ملی | دوشنبه، ۲۹ مهر ۱۳۹۸

آیت الله ارباب - نمایش محتوای تولیدات ویژه

 

 

آیت الله ارباب

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حاج آقا رحيم ارباب در سال 1297 هجري قمري در روستاي « چرمهين» اصفهان به دنيا آمد.ايشان در اصفهان نزد علماي بزرگي چون حاج ميرزا بديع درب امامي، سيد محمد باقر درچه اي، آقا سيد ابوالقاسم دهکردي، حکيم جهانگير خان قشقايي و آخوند کاشي، کسب علم نموده و به مقام اجتهاد رسيد. مراتب سير و سلوک را نزد جهانگيرخان و آخوند کاشي فرا گرفت او شاگرد خاص آخوند کاشي بود. و مدت 20 سال متوالي در خدمت وي بود. و انواع علوم را از محضر او آموخت. ارادت وي به استادش چنان بود که بعد از فوت استاد، هر هفته به زيارت قبر وي مي رفت و هنگام فوت نيز وصيت نمود در مجاورت استادش دفن شود.
تدريس
حوزه درسش نيز مجمع فضلا و دانشمندان روزگار بود. شاگردان بسياري را تربيت نمود. از جمله شاگردان او مي توان به: استاد جلال الدين همايي، سيد مصطفي بهشتي نژاد، ملا هاشم جنتي، شيخ محمد باقر صديقين و بسياري از بزرگان ديگر اشاره نمود.وي در فقه بسيار خوش سليقه و داراي استقلال فکري بود. در رياضيات، هيئت و نجوم به تصديق اهل فن، استاد مسلم بود. بسياري از خطبه هاي نهج البلاغه را از حفظ داشت و اشعار ابن ابي الحديد را در مناقب امير المؤمنين علي عليه السلام مکرر مي خواند و وي را مي ستود.
ارادات به اميرالمومنين علي عليه السلام
اعتقاد و علاقة آيت الله ارباب نسبت به امير المؤمنين عليه السلام به حدي بود که اين عشق و ارادت با گوشت و خون او آميخته شده بود. و بسياري مواقع احاديثي را از رسول گرامي اسلام صلي الله عليه و آله  که در فضائل امير المؤنين عليه السلام فرموده بودند مي خواندند.

Ayatollah-al-ozma Haj Agha Rahim Arbab
Ayatollah-al-ozma Haj Agha Rahim Arbab (born 1875 - d. 1975) was born in Chermaheen in Iran, near Shahre Kord, to a family of scholars.

Ayatollah-al-ozma is the highest rank in traditional Twelver Shi'a studies. Ayatollah Arbab is among three Ayatollahs who never wore the traditional turban. He believed that the turban is for prophets and that he did not possess the scholarly permission to wear a turban. All of his 50 students ranked as Ayatollah after graduation. Among them, Allameh Jalal Homaei, Reza Alishah Tabandeh and Ayatollah Mirdamadi are well known.Ayatollah Arbab grew up in Chermaheen, and nature and simple living had a very deep effect on the development of his philosophy and theology. He learned to read and write at the age of four and started reading Persian literature at that age. As is tradition, he started with learning Gulistan and Bostan, the two books of the great Persian poet Sadi, along with Qur'anic studies. When he was five his teachers sent him back to his father, Haj Arbab, who was a scholar himself, stating that he had mastered all of the required fields and knew those books by heart. They requested that he be sent to hawzeh (a high level school also known as Madrassa). This promise encouraged his parents to move to the city of Isfahan.Ayatollah Arbab started attending the classes required for the traditional schools at a very young age, along with his cousin, Mirza Abbas Khan Sheida, who was later known as Sheida-ye-Esfahani. He attended the Sadr Madrassa and finished his academic studies in jurisprudence (fiqh) and its principles (usul), theosophy (hekmat), and the other Islamic intellectual (‘aqli) and transmitted (naqli) sciences, under the supervision of philosophers and scholars such as Jahangir Khan Ghashghaei and Ayatollah Akhond Kashi. Ayatollah Haj Agha Rahim Arbab showed extraordinary abilities in formal and informal studies such as Persian and Arabic literature, mathematics, philosophy, mysticism and astronomy. He graduated to the rank of Ayatollah when he was only fourteen.